How to emulate Android on your Windows, Mac or Linux computer

 

In addition to helping to make screenshots of our mobile using the computer, the SDK for Android incorporate other tools useful that will delight anyone who wants to examine all the news that incorporate the latest versions of Android as Google’s going throwing.

A very interesting tool is the emulator , with which, even though we have a phone or Android device, can try all versions of Android on your computer with Windows, Mac OS X or Linux . Engadget Android try to lend a hand in this special item with a tutorial for each operating system and one overall to finish configuring the emulator in all of them. Let’s begin.

All versions of the SDK for Android are very simple to install , but each has its logical peculiarities when addressing different platforms. To start we visit the official website of Android Developers, in its section on the SDK , to proceed to select and download our operating system. Let’s see how it’s done in each step .

Installing the Android emulator on Windows

It is, without a doubt, the SDK more “folksy” of all. It comes served in a couple of versions a ZIP compressed executable comfortable and self-installing EXE , we have downloaded the latter.

When downloaded, double click your installer and proceed to realize the eternal routine press “Next” until, as you suppose will happen, one of the windows do not allow us to advance the installation .

We now shows the warning that we must install the utility Java SE Development Kit ( JDK ) from Oracle. Simply press the button that directs us to his web download, download and start the installation.

After installing the JDK proceed to close our window installation of the SDK and start it again, now the installation is completed successfully, and after it, proceed to open the “Application SDK Manager “, exclusively for Windows. The files you installed the executable is located by default in the path C: / Program Files / Android on your hard drive.

If we used the compressed version ZIP of the SDK , will access the unzipped folder from the ZIP and execute said application ” SDK Manager “(which has an icon of the Android logo), considering that we have the add JDK previously installed.

Now we will have everything ready to go into the settings emulator itself on our Windows.

Installing the Android emulator on Mac OS X

Installing the SDK on Mac OS X is almost similar to the above but with some shortcomings andadvantages that make it different.

The version of the SDK for Mac OS X is included only in a ZIP file , no installer. But on the other hand, their effective steps to bring it about to come down to two: Download the file from the official website and unzip the folder in the ZIP in place that we see fit on your hard drive. No need anything else.

After that we will open the unzipped folder and will access the “folder tools “that appears inside.Within the tools folder appear multitude of files, we will focus on executing the file named ” android “.

The application will load the Mac OS X Terminal and will open the SDK Manager, now only the finishing touch, that is, configure the emulator .

Installing the Android emulator on Linux Ubuntu

Linux installation, which in this case has been made ​​using Ubuntu 10.10 , is practically similar to Mac, although here need to install a pair of extra-added, as in the case of Windows.

The first is to download your file compressed TGZ and extract the folder that contains within it the place we most want on your hard drive. After this, we must go to ” Synaptic Package Manager “as shown in the following image.

When the manager interface appear should write ” openjdk “in their search box. After waiting for the results appear, we mark the kit ” jre OpenJDK 6 “and all necessary accessories (which are automatically marked) to proceed with the installation.

If for some reason does not leave us install it from this manager, there are alternate addresses on the network for downloading these additions required. Using Google should not take long to find them.

After installing these accessories already have everything ready to access the unzipped folder, enter the “Folder tools “from inside and double click the file” android “displayed on it. The SDK Manager will load and you can move to the configuration of the emulator itself.

Last step to configure the emulator SDK for Android in our computer

Once the SDK Manager open, we look at its main window. To the left a frame appears with several tabs to choose from, including a call ” Available packages “which is what we need now.

Clicking on it there are a couple of options as scrollable called ” Android Repository “and” Third party Add-ons “, we are interested in the first of it, so we deploy.

This is when the whole list of Android versions to choose to install the emulator appears before us, we have opted for selecting the preview of Android 3.0 Honeycomb . By doing other required components are checked. Click on ” install “.

One last window in which we mark the “option appears Accept all “on the right to start the download.

Depending on the number of versions that are downloading and line speed internet that we, the installation will take more or less. Normally, if you have only chosen one version, are about 5 or 10 minutes .

After that the download window will appear with full progress bar, it is time to press ” Close “.

Now back to the main window of the SDK Manager, but this time, will access the “tab Virtual devices“in the left frame. It will press the button ” New … “the right frame. The following window will appear.

It must indicate the name you have our Android virtual machine (mine is Honeycomb), Android version you want to install it using the dropdown ” Target “(in my case the API Level Honeycomb), the size of the micro SD card virtual to have our virtual machine (I have introduced you to 2048 MiB, ie, 2 Gb) and below in ” Skin “can enter the screen resolution of our virtual machine, being recommended to leave the option that comes by default (a resolution WXGA in this case, tablet).

In the lower table ” Hardware “we experience various devices introducing you to our virtual machine, such as the inclusion of GPS and other sensors, plus you can change the amount of RAM to use the machine. This section, however, is very focused on a specific use for application testing by developers of Android.

After setting all this we only have to press ” Create AVD “and wait while the virtual machine is definitely set. After finish creating one message confirming and informing hardware that has the machine appears.

Now it appears in the list of SDK Manager to be executed, this will do by clicking on it, then click the button ” Start … “the right frame of the window, after that a window of release which confirm its operation with the button appears ” Launch “.

We have executed our first virtual machine Android. Comment that obviously we can create and deletemany versions of the machine as you want , modifying hardware and other settings at will.

Having reached this point, and finally be able to try Android on your computer, you may even bitten by the bug of this universe with green antennae Google and you decide to move on creating your first application for the system. Nothing is impossible, Animo!

We leave you with the complete gallery of screenshots that we have made ​​to the realization of this tutorial.

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